4 symbolic UNESCO Intangible Heritages representing 3 Vietnam regions


Throughout a 4000-year development, Vietnam has introduced to the World a huge collection of Vietnam heritage tours that can be customized in almost every region. Until 2018, there has been 12 Vietnamese customs and cultures proudly recognized as UNESCO’s Intangible Heritages in total. During Vietnam’s three main regions, here recalled four most iconic intangible heritages.


A UNESCO Intangible Heritage


Quan Họ Bắc Ninh folk songs

Quan Họ Bắc Ninh folk songs deliver an art of relationship-reinforcing. In Northern rural villages such as Bắc Ninh and Bắc Giang, Liền Anh and Liền Chị, the given titles for male and female singers, are supposed to put on the Việt traditional costumes and take turns to chant several loving melodies in a traditional method of singing without the background music.

In September 2009, the custom of Quan Họ Bắc Ninh folk songs was officially recognized as People’s Intangible Heritage by UNESCO.


Quan Họ Bắc Ninh folk songs


Nhã Nhạc – Vietnam court music

Moving further down to the Central section of the country, Huế is a big name that represents a huge cultural and national values of the country. The city witnessed the last feudal monarchy started and ended, the Nguyễn Dynasty. Nhã Nhạc is how the Vietnamese referred to the typical Vietnam court music during the feudal regimes, which were widely performed and carried out in various royal events such as festivals, ceremonies, coronation days and so on.

Nhã nhạc is recorded to take root in China back in the reign of Zhou Dynasty from the VI to the III centuries BC. Following the flow of history, Royal court music had been spread to its neighboring countries such as Japan, Korea, and Vietnam. Though seen as sprouting from the one origin, the art, and performances in each country much varied.


Vietnam court music

In Vietnam, each feudal regime appreciated and spent a lot of time developing this art of performance. Nhã nhạc had been an essential symbol representing power, influence as well as the long-lasting reign of each ruling family.

2003 is the year witnessing Nhã nhạc to be recognized as People’s Intangible Heritage by UNESCO. Although the music was introduced in the XIII century and reached its golden age in the Nguyễn Dynasty; Nowadays, it is not hard to experience such authentic and precious masterpiece as a part of some guided heritage tours in Vietnam.

Central Highland – Space of Gong culture

The space of Gong culture lasts in a vast area consisting of five different Central Highland provinces: Kon Tum, Gia Lai, Đăk Lăk, Đăk Nông, and Lâm Đồng. The artistic space includes several small elements framing the culture. These are the gongs, gong-inclined music, and songs, gong artists, gong-oriented festivals, the venues where the events take place and so on.

The presence and image of gongs play a huge role in the daily and religious life of Central Highlanders. This iconic symbol goes in accordance in most of the best important milestones in the life of a Vietnamese Central Highland dweller. These are known as one’s birth, wedding, death ceremony, the New Rice Festival, the New House-Construction day and the list goes on.


Space of Gong culture

Seen as a big cultural belief, gongs bridge mankind and the deities in the Supernatural World. Hiding in each gong is the life of a different deity. As a consequence, back in November of 2005, Space of Gong culture was proudly listed as one of the UNESCO’s intangible heritages. For those who have only been to Vietnam for the very first time, visiting Central Highland brings you a broad range of spectacular and authentic ethnic activities through some of your Vietnam heritage packages.


Art of Đờn ca tài tử music and song in Southern Vietnam

Đờn ca tài tử is an iconic singing artwork in the wetland of Mekong Delta, which was introduced and developed at the end of the XIX century based on the initial form of Nhã nhạc – Vietnam court music and local folk literature. As a consequence, is it not hard to figure out that Đờn ca tài tử bears both significant democratic-mannered and scholarly characteristics.


Performing Đờn ca tài tử

A set of must-have instruments applied into a basic performance of Đờn ca tài tử consists of the moon-shaped lute, the two-stringed fiddle, sixteen-stringed zither, pear-shaped lute, percussion, monochord, bamboo flute, violin, and guitar. This sensational native singing is not only seen in attractive festivals yet also found in a typical daily break after a hard-working day on the fields.

Mekong Delta’s Đờn ca tài tử officially left its name in the record of UNESCO’s Intangible Heritage in December 2013. The easiest way to enjoy this brilliant artwork is signing up for a day trip to Mekong Delta, the ending land of the country, which has got quite many good Vietnam heritage tour reviews from previous visitors.

We highly advise you to try all these out if your Vietnam heritage tours are sorted all across the country. In order to have the best insight into each of them, remember to look for a good local tour guide in each city you step to.

Learn more:

Related Post